Simegn Alemu, Ethiopia
Title: Incidence of Retinopathy among adult diabetics and its predictors in northwest Ethiopia
Background: Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness among working-aged adults worldwide, including developing countries such as Ethiopia.Diabetes and its micro and macro-vascular complications are becoming more prevalent among Ethiopian diabetics. For that reason, the purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of diabetic retinopathy and its predictors among diabetics in Ethiopia.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 494 diabetics from 2011 through 2014 and was followed until December 2019. The collected data was entered into the system using EpiData version 4.2 and analyzed using STATA version 14.0. The survival experience of the patients was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier survivor function.
Results: The incidence rate of diabetic retinopathy was 48 per 1000 Person-years (95%CI: 40.0–57.0). Age ,fasting blood sugar level, Hypertension, DM patients had LDL > 100 mg/dl, total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, and positive Protein Urea were found to be the significant predictors of diabetic retinopathy..
Conclusion: The incidence rate of diabetic retinopathy was found to be high in both type 1 and type 2 DM. Controlling glycemia, dyslipidemia, proteinuria, and blood pressure is critical for halting the progression of diabetic retinopathy.
To be added